Detailed Syllabi

Pre-requisite: Progression rule or pre-requisite (depending on each department)
Lecturing Strategy: Lectures, demonstrations, assignments, case studies, seminars, industrial trips
Assessment: Mini Tests, Reports, Examinations, Practical & presentations (100%CE)
Duration: 4 hour(s) per week (15 weeks)
Self Study Time: 60 hrs
Notional hours: 120 hrs
Recommended Sequence: Semester 5/ 6 within NQF level 7
Professional Role: The students to master environmental and resource management concepts for enhancing their professional practices.

Learning Outcomes:
Upon successful completion of this course, students should be able to:

  • describe the non-monetary and economical drivers of CP
  • describe the advantages of CP concepts and techniques in a broader environmental and business context
  • describe the synergic concept of CP, Lean and other sustainability concepts
  • apply the CP process to solving business problems relating to waste, environmentand resources man agement
  • evaluate and recommend CP options for different business case studies
  • synthesis CP concepts into business objectives


1. Introduction to Cleaner Production (CP) and sustainability.

  • Definitions of CP terminologies
  • The CP concept
  • Concept of Lea n, industrial ecology, environmental accounting
  • CP Barriers & Drivers
  • CP approach – the five concepts; re-use/recycling, house keeping, technology modification, material substitution and product modification
  • New methods in CP

2. CP in a broader environmental context

  • Safety, Health and Environment
  • Waste management (water, energy solid waste etc)
  • Life cycle analysis (from cradle to the grave)

3. CP in Business and social context

  • Environmental accounting
  • Operational efficiency and competitiveness
  • Environmental liabilities and compliance
  • Corporate image

4. The CP cycle

  • Planning and organisation
  • Basic CP tools for the identification of opportunities
  • Prioritization and evaluation
  • Implementation
  • Measurement and review

5. Application of CP concepts and techniques in Case studies

  • Evaluating walk-through reports
  • Scoping studies
  • CP projects

Reading List

1. Towards cleaner production methods
Dana Silk, 1992
ISSN 0028-0844.

2. Cleaner production and consumption : challenges and opportunities in East and Southern
Nonita T Yab, c1999
ISBN 0797420185.
3. Industrial Ecology
T.E Graedel and B.R Allenby: Printice hall ©1995
ISBN 013-125238